SAGE Research from a Civil Engineering Perspective SAGE member Pam Judge presented for the UMass Geotechnical Engineering Seminar Series, Friday, November 17, 2017.
Poster by Grace Molino, NOAA Affiliate and member of SAGE PI Melissa Kenney's group. The poster was presented at both CERF (Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation) Biennial Meeting 2017 in Providence, RI and AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall Meeting 2017 in New Orleans, LA.
Webinar Series '17-'18
Perspectives on Coastal Sustainability Adaptation in Urban Environments Response
This webinar will present perspectives on planning and implementing sustainable coastal adaptation solutions, particularly in small to medium-sized cities. Perspectives on process and alternatives will be presented for a distinct small urban environment (Portland, Maine) to illustrate the kinds of planning processes and measures being carried out at the local level on the East Coast of the U.S. This presentation will then be followed by a national view of sustainable coastal adaptation from the perspective of the National League of Cities, including training, outreach, and policy implications facing coastal areas in the U.S. The webinar will include feedback from all panelists on one another’s perspectives and experiences, as well as a question and answer portion for audience interaction. Cooper Martin is the Program Director for the Sustainable Cities Institute at the National League of Cities. SCI provides convening opportunities, direct technical assistance and leadership training to help cities thrive while preserving clean air, clean water, and clean land. Cooper’s areas of expertise include climate resilience, community development, transportation policy, environmental economics, and emergency management. He has over ten years of experience in technical assistance, research, and advocacy working at all levels of government.
Troy Moon has worked on environmental issues for the City of Portland since 1997. He started his career developing and implementing solid waste management programs including the City’s successful “pay as you throw” waste collection program and curbside recycling. Throughout his tenure with the City, Troy has overseen the completion of Portland’s greenhouse gas inventories in 2001 and 2007 and chaired the committee tasked with drafting the city’s Climate Action Plan in 2008. He became the City’s Sustainability Coordinator in April, 2016 and has focused on community resilience and energy efficiency.
Reconceptualizing the Role of Infrastructure in Resilience Webinar organized by SAGE (Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering)
Presented by Melissa A. Kenney, Associate Research Professor in Environmental Decision Support Science, University of Maryland, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center.
Given the devastation from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria, communities in the U.S. and Caribbean will need to rebuild their communities. The expansion and acceptance of climate-resilient infrastructure choices create the potential for integrated approaches to projects, including greener and non-structural methods along with traditional grey infrastructure. These complex and innovative hybrids can be designed to achieve valued social and ecological goals along with risk reduction, adding up to a transformative approach to infrastructure.
Because these are complex environments, communities, and solutions, we developed a framework called Adaptation Gradients. The Adaptation Gradients framework incorporates perspectives from multiple disciplines and multiple social values. It was developed using case studies in the Northeast U.S. and Caribbean regions and is presented to enable holistic consideration of innovative and transformative interventions. The Adaptation Gradients Framework are intended to support adaptation decisions that increase resilience given climate change; these gradients include: exposure reduction, institutional capacity, cost efficiency, ecological enhancement, adaptation over time, greenhouse gas reduction, participatory process, and equitable outcomes.
A new paradigm for flood risk management in the Netherlands is presented. Known as the ‘Room for the River’ program, this approach acknowledges the force of nature and the necessity to live with it, especially in a populous, vulnerable and prosperous delta such as the Netherlands. It’s also an approach that embraces the opportunities our rivers bring, by using flood risk measures to add quality to the natural and urban landscapes surrounding them. This new approach will be described, illustrating the various aspects of the program, like its governance set up, the intended goals and various technical characteristics of implementation using case studies of the projects that have been completed, almost all within time and budget. Pim Nijssen studied planning and management science at the Radboud University Nijmegen (the Netherlands) and currently works as a principle for the leading independent firm Twynstra Gudde. His field of experience lies in building coalitions between organizations and people in the field of water management and spatial planning. Pim has worked for a variety of national and international clients whose projects address the complex impacts of climate change. He has worked in Florida, Bangladesh and various European countries. For the Room for the River project at Nijmegen, he received the International Waterfront Award in New York.
Webinar Series '16-'17
Basic Coastal Engineering Principles: Design Inputs for Coastal Adaptation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_3q47ELDEE&feature=youtu.be April 12, 2017 Coastal engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering that incorporates elements of oceanography, marine geology, and environmental science with engineering design to address problems frequently involving coastal erosion, navigation, coastal flooding, wave impact, nearshore structures, and a wide range of coastal environmental issues. While hard structural approaches are still used when appropriate, coastal engineers are increasingly incorporating “soft engineering” solutions that incorporate nature-based and natural features. This webinar will discuss the range of typical coastal engineering problems and solutions, with an emphasis on general principles used by coastal engineers to analyze problems, assess alternative solutions, and deliver project designs ready for construction and implementation.
Dr. David Kriebel, P.E., is a Professor of Ocean Engineering at the United States Naval Academy and an independent consultant in coastal engineering. His research involves coastal hazards and his work has been incorporated into state and federal regulatory programs, design manuals, and design codes and standards. He has served on the Coastal Engineering Research Board, a federal advisory committee advising the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on coastal research, and he is past-President of the 4,000+ member Coasts, Oceans, Ports, and Rivers Institute (COPRI) of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Virginia and Alaska.
The effects of climate change, in particular sea level rise, are increasingly forcing states, communities and property owners to address shoreline erosion and flooding. Community adaptation strategies include retreat, protection and/or accommodation. While there has been significant interest in recent years in the use of natural and nature-based features for protection (e.g., Living Shorelines), structures such as revetments, seawalls, bulkheads and breakwaters continue to play an important and valuable role within each of the three adaption strategies. This is particularly true when structures are used in conjunction with natural and nature-based features to provide an integrated, systems approach to shoreline and flood protection. This presentation discusses different structure types, their role in shoreline and flood protection (individually and as part of an integrated system), and the use of risk-informed decision making for alternatives analysis, design optimization and benefit-cost analysis.
Greg Robbins, P.E. & Dan Stapleton, P.E., GZA Geo Environmental, Inc. are both registered professional engineers. Greg is a Project Manager within the Marine/Waterfront technical practice of GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. He has a BS in Civil Engineering and his experience includes project evaluation and implementation from the perspectives of regulator, owner and consulting engineer. Greg has been responsible for the repair or reconstruction of over thousands of feet of bulkhead, stone revetment, and seawall. Dan is a Senior Principal and Senior VP of GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. and a leader of GZA’s Water Services group. He has academic degrees in the geosciences, civil, geotechnical and ocean engineering. Dan heads up GZA’s Hazard Risk Management and Climate Change Services group, and oversees GZA’s efforts to re-evaluate the external flood hazard of municipalities, states and critical infrastructure.
Coasts and oceans represent some of the earth’s most valued ecosystems. For example, in the U.S., about 40% of the U.S. population lives in coastal counties, which make up only 10% of the U.S. land base. Yet these coastal and marine ecosystems that we love are also some of the most threatened ecosystems on the planet. Coastal and marine ecosystems are dealing with multiple simultaneous threats including rising temperatures, ocean acidification, nutrient pollution, habitat loss, and extreme weather events. This webinar will examine how each of these stressors is impacting the ability of coastal and marine ecosystems to continue to provide the important services on which these biodiverse communities depend and how the changes in ecosystem services are impacting human health and well-being. The discussion will conclude with suggestions for how we can help coastal and marine ecosystems be more resilient and continue to provide critical ecosystem services.
Dr. Ariana Sutton-Grier is an ecosystem ecologist with expertise in wetland ecology and restoration, biodiversity, biogeochemistry, climate change, and ecosystem services. Dr. Sutton-Grier is a research faculty member at the University of Maryland in the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center and is also the Ecosystem Science Adviser for the National Ocean Service at NOAA.
Pursuing Sustainability Along Crowded Coastlines: Lessons from Ecological Experiments and Homeowner Experiences
Coastal habitats along shorelines host diverse ecological communities and provide numerous ecosystem services that affect the health, security and quality of life of human societies. However, the armoring of shorelines with vertical walls and similar engineered structures, is a prevalent cause of natural habitat loss and degradation. Although the societal and ecological costs of degraded habitats are well-recognized and stewardship strategies such as “living shorelines” have proven beneficial for recovering declined or lost services, coastal population size and development have continued to expand. Transitioning towards more sustainable coastal protection strategies requires substantial societal support and investments. This webinar will highlight recent and ongoing efforts to understand the social and economic factors that promote sustainable decision-making along residential coastlines, as well as how these decisions scale up to affect the overall resilience of coastal ecosystems.
Dr. Steven Scyphers graduated with a Ph.D. from the University of South Alabama & Dauphin Island Sea Lab in 2012 and currently works at the Marine Science Center in Nahant, Massachusetts focusing on understanding and enhancing the sustainability of coastal ecosystems and societies.
This workshop provided a pre-conference primer on the technical inputs, planning and zoning drivers, potential solutions, policy implications, and framework for future development in coastal adaptation design and implementation.
Presenters - Please click on the name to access conference power point slides.
Kirk Bosma, Woods Hole Group Elisabeth Hamin, Professor and Department Head of Regional Planning in the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning at the University of Massachusetts, PI of the SAGE grant Chris Hein, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary Melissa Kenny, University of Maryland Kim Penn, NOAA Bhaskar Subramanian, Maryland Department of Natural Resources Ariana Sutton-Grier, University of Maryland and NOAA
Webinar Series - '15- '16
Decrypting hazards from their deposits: Tsunamis and Storms Friday, February 5, 2016 at 1:00pm EST https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Et1wjF1gV4&feature=em-subs_digest Dr. Robert Weiss is an Associate Professor of Geosciences at Virginia Tech, where he has been on the faculty since 2008, first as an Assistant Professor of Geology and Geophysics, and as of 2011, as an Associate Professor of Geosciences. He graduated from the Westfalia-Wilhelms University in Münster, Germany with a Dr. rer nat (equivalent to PhD in Natural Sciences) in 2005. He was a research scientist at NOAA Center for Tsunami Re-search from 2005 to 2008. His research is focused on understanding the response of the physical environment to tsunami generated by earthquakes, slides and oceanic meteorite impacts and the records that such processes produce. Tsunamis and storms are major agents of coastal change, and pose a significant threat to coastal communities, civil and military infrastructure and to economies. Oenmes, tsunamis and storms are competing processes along the same stretches of coastline, and it is important to separate the event history in order to create a reliable statistical basis for solid hazard assessments.Fortunately, neither enough tsunamis nor storms have occurred in any one region to base the event statistics solely on recent events. Therefore, the geologic record needs to be interrogated. The information of causative events encrypted in respective deposits needs to be decrypted. In this talk, the features of storm and tsunami deposits are dis-cussed, and how quantitative information about storms and tsunamis can be retrieved from deposits. Examples from different tsunamis, such as 2004 Sumatra, and the 2006 Java tsunami are presented among others, and event deposits are discussed whose grain size range from small sand-size particles to car-sized boulders. Geology, Engineering and Policy in Disaster Risk Reduction Friday, December 4, 2015 11:00 - 11:45 am EST https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lK5JF79TwbM&feature=em-upload_owner Dr. Brian G. McAdoo is Professor of Environmental Science and College Rector, Yale-NUS College, Singapore Disasters in the Anthropocene are becoming increasingly complex. Rural landscapes in developing nations have been radically altered by centuries of colonial wear-and-tear. The following post-colonial instabilities left a legacy of fragile political institutions. Driven lack of economic opportunity, increasing out migration of rural populations to urban, often coastal centers facing their own challenges posed by a rapidly changing and erratic climate has created any number of worst-case scenarios. This talk seeks to first identify these complexities, then recognize the roles that the different stakeholders play in addressing problems in a truly interdisciplinary fashion. Yale-NUS College Professor of Environmental Science Brian G. McAdoo is a marine geologist who has been working at the ocean-land interface for 20 years. Seeing the devastation wrought by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami first hand as a member of the UNESCO Post-Tsunami Survey Team triggered a shift in thinking from an approach to understanding disasters from purely physical or social perspectives to one more integrated, recognizing the inseparability of the human-environment system. Since 2004, McAdoo has participated in numerous post-disaster surveys, and authored several papers documenting the associated complexities. He received his BS in Geology from Duke University, a Dip. Sci (Geology) from University of Otago (New Zealand), and Ph.D. (Earth Science) from UC Santa Cruz.
When facing natural disasters, communities respond in diverse ways, with processes that reflect their cultures, stakeholder needs, and risks. As more individuals live in vulnerable areas, it is critical to understand how the public perceives risks, such as the risk of floods, hurricanes, and sea level rise. How and the extent to which the public participate in local-level decision-making processes surrounding resilience may influence policy outcomes. Dr. Albright’s research suggests that the greater level of openness (breadth of participation) and extent of deliberation are associated with greater policy change. In her talk, she will apply lessons learned from her research on participatory processes and apply them to the Caribbean and North East context, in the end, posing research questions for future study.
Climate Change: Challenge or Opportunity for Infrastructure Barbara Carbyis the Director of the Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, University of the West Indies. She is a disaster risk management professional with over 20 years national, regional and international experience in disaster risk reduction, pre and post disaster planning and interventions.
Human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels are a major factor in observed climate change trends at global and regional scales. Over the past half century, US Northeast has been experiencing warming air and sea temperatures, increasing precipitation and flooding, and rising sea levels. These trends are projected to increase and even accelerate over the next several decades. Coastal communities and infrastructure are particularly vulnerable to the combination of elevated sea level and storm surge in a warming world. This talk will discuss observational evidence for current regional climate trends and modeling approaches for projecting future trends.
As is the case with other small island developing states around the world, Barbados and its Caribbean island neighbors are experiencing significant effects from sea level rise in particular and coastal climate change impacts in general. Countries have addressed this issue differently, with Barbados widely regarded as a regional model for coastal management and resilience, whereas in states such as Haiti, active management is still in a nascent stage. It has been shown that the extent to which states address this issue is influenced by: public access to, and use of, information, technical capacity of public servants and officers of non-Governmental organizations, and the recognition by policy makers that climate change is not an environmental issue but a danger to economic and social improvement. Using the Barbados case as an example, the presentation explores the Caribbean context, and provides some recommendations on technical imperatives for these vulnerable island systems that depend so heavily on coastal tourism and fisheries.
Hurricane Sandy and the federal, state, and community efforts to rebuild and adapt to future storms and sea level rise has posed both challenges and opportunities for meeting long term restoration goals in the NY – NJ Harbor Estuary. In particular, HUD’s Rebuild by Design initiative, the Army Corps of Engineers, the State and City of New York have proposed nature-based features, living shorelines, and/or green infrastructure approaches to help reduce risks while providing other important environmental and social benefits. This presentation will provide an overview of the planning, science, regulatory, management issues that have emerged from these efforts, highlighting opportunities for additional investigation and research. The New York¬/New Jersey Harbor & Estuary Program is a collaboration of government, scientists and the civic sector that helps protect and restore the Harbor’s waters and habitat.
In the face of rising waters and increased storm-related flooding, we cannot ignore the need to make hard decisions about how to equitably manage flood-prone areas. If we do nothing, up to one-third of the city of Boston (by land area) could flood chronically by 2100. Our challenge is to prepare Boston’s people, buildings, and infrastructure to manage increasingly-frequent coastal flooding while maintaining and enhancing the economic and social vitality of this historic city. As sea levels rise and chronic flooding becomes the new normal, even master dike builders such as the Dutch are moving to more flexible, resilient solutions. Their concept of Living with Water considers water to be a design opportunity to manage chronic flooding while providing other benefits such as new recreation areas, marsh habitat, and more livable communities. Both flood prevention and resilience are needed; socioeconomic goals and available resources will dictate the balance between the two.